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What is the reason for the aging of the material of the sealing ring product?


Some people have encountered cracking, hardening, etc. […]

Some people have encountered cracking, hardening, etc. when using rubber sealing rings. What causes this? The aging of rubber sealing rings will cause some sealing rings to lose their sealing function.

The rubber sealing ring is made of rubber material, so what is the reason for the aging of the rubber sealing ring product material? In the production process of rubber sealing ring, due to the comprehensive action of internal and external factors, the physical and chemical properties and mechanical properties of rubber gradually deteriorate, resulting in loss of use value. This change is called rubber aging. Haisheng seals tell you that the surface is cracked, sticky, hardened, softened, chalked, discolored, mildewed, etc. So, what are the specific factors?

A. Heat: The increase in temperature leads to the cracking of the rubber material of the sealing ring, resulting in chemical oxidation reaction and accelerating the rate of rubber oxidation reaction;

B. Light: The shorter the light wave, the greater the energy. The damage to the rubber seal ring is the higher energy ultraviolet rays. In addition to the direct rupture and cross-linking of the rubber molecular chain caused by ultraviolet rays, the rubber of the rubber seal ring generates free radicals due to the absorption of light energy, which initiates and accelerates the oxidation chain reaction process.

C. Oxygen: Oxygen undergoes a free radical chain reaction with rubber molecules in the rubber, and the molecular chain is broken or excessively cross-linked, which causes changes in the performance of the rubber seal. Oxidation is one of the important reasons for rubber aging.

D. Ozone: The chemically active oxygen of ozone is much higher and it is more destructive. It also breaks the molecular chain, but the effect of ozone on rubber varies with the deformation of the rubber sealing ring.

E. Moisture: The rubber sealing ring is easily damaged when it is exposed to rain or immersed in water. This is because the water-soluble substances in the rubber and components such as clear water are extracted and dissolved by water.

F. Mechanical stress: Under repeated action of mechanical stress, the molecular chain of the rubber seal ring will be broken to form free radicals, which will trigger an oxidation chain reaction and easily cause ozone cracking under stress.